Breast cancer is one of the widely covered cancers in media around the world. In fact the majority of us have learned about this through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone find out about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The clear answer is “no.” These awareness programs have been going on for many years on national and international levels now, but still you can find millions of people all over the world who are clueless about the disease, doubtful over the correct measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including those who know a little about the disease, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men may also develop breast cancer. That is perhaps why it is important we all are well- informed on the disease and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What is Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer can be defined as a condition when cells within the body multiply abnormally and do not behave like normal cells. Each cell within our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad an absolute life, and when body cells do not complete their life-cycles and do not die in due course, they may multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect the exact same, ultimately causing the forming of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which can affect the way in which surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To master about breast cancer, we must have a concept of the typical anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands in them; these glands are linked to skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues around the ducts and glands are typically comprised of fat. The remaining portion of the breasts contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which exist all across your body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to one other parts of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are within one of the breasts or both, the condition is known as breast cancer. On the basis of the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer might have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is when the disease hasn’t invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located in the breast. At stage 1, cancer is significantly less than 2 centimeters in proportions and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is significantly less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it’s more than 2cm in proportions (and significantly less than 5cm) without the penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and significantly less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are known as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are usually more than 5cm and spread across other areas of body as well.
In its last stage, that will be stage 4, cancer has already spread through one other organs of your body, such as for example, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across one other organs of your body through lymph nodes, which will also be within various organs within the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what is it that triggers breast cancer? What’re the risk factors? The clear answer is you can find no definite factors behind breast cancer as such; the risk factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity is also one of the risk factors alongside regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose family unit members have been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more likely to develop it. Nearly all women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have found that regular physical activity and exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer by half. Exercise may also help overcome the aftermaths of the disease and improves quality of life of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption will also be common risk factors since they are directly associated with obesity. The easiest way to avoid it is to obtain the breasts examined regularly with a specialist, especially after 30, and buy them checked whenever a lump is within one of the breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it may be cured easily or removed even before it starts to develop in the breasts. It is, therefore, advised all women obtain breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially feamales in their thirties and older. Rarely, there is a chance cancer runs in the family in which case genetic testing must check whether a member of family will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. That said, it is important to understand that not absolutely all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it is equally important to obtain them examined with a specialist. Typically lumps aren’t cancerous, but it is difficult to tell what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, several other tests follow to ascertain the likelihood of cancer. It’s possible to be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to tell the likelihood of cancer. There are several alternatives for treatment available even if one is located positive. Specialists decide upon the most effective option based on the investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People must not fear going with their doctor and getting themselves examined for worries to be tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations do not guarantee the clear presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the likelihood of cancer. A lot of the times individuals are tested negative. So, you need to not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.