Water damage comes in many shapes and forms, and can leave lasting damage to not only your property but your wellbeing as well, or even dealt with correctly. One of the first steps to relieving your property of potential water damage is to find out what type of water damage you’re dealing with. According to the Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC) you can find three forms of water damage, that they outline in their Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (the S500). Water damage is categorized by its source, length of time in the structure, history of the structure, and other impactful factors like chemicals such as for example pesticides, fertilizers, animal feces, fuel, detergents, rat poison, etc.
The very first type of water damage they outline is Category 1, which include burst water pipes, leaking appliances, and small levels of rainwater. The defining characteristic of Category 1 water is that it’s clean at the source, and therefore doesn’t pose a hazard if consumed by people. Category 1 water requires not as equipment and time for you to remedy.
Kinds of Category 1 water damage include, but are not limited by burst water pipes, failed supply lines on appliances, falling rainwater mold remediations, melting snow or ice, broken toilet tanks, or toilet bowl over flow that will not contain any contaminants. While this type of water damage is not necessarily hazardous, when it is not dealt with it may turn to category 2 within 24 hours. That point period could be hasten if the proper conditions for microorganism growth exist such as for example stagnant air, humidity, and moderate temperatures (68-86 degrees Fahrenheit).
Category 2 water damage, or gray water, is characterized by beginning with some number of contamination at the source, or Category 1 water that’s been neglected as stated before. This type of water damage is moderately dangerous, and may cause some degree of sickness or discomfort for people or animals if exposed.
The most typical forms of Category 2 water damage are discharge from washing machines or dishwashers, toilet flow overflow with urine but no feces, sump pump back-up, hydrostatic pressure seepage, automatic washer overflow, broken aquariums, and puncture water beds. These instances of water damage may contain chemicals, bio-contaminants, and other forms of contamination which are hazardous to human health. Health effects are as follows: allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (lung tissue inflammation), burning eyes, skin irritation, inflammatory response, nausea, headache, and fever. Again, time and conducive temperatures enable deterioration to a Category 3 within 48 hours.
The ultimate and most dangerous type of water damage is Category 3, or black water. Black water is highly contaminated, contains pathogens, and may cause serious illness as well as death in extreme conditions. Any person with a weak immune system, respiratory illness, allergies, or young children should remain far from the structure for the duration of the infection and clean-up.
Samples of this type of damage include sewage, ground surface water intrusion, toilet backflow from beyond the trap, and flooding sweater/rivers/streams which have entered the premises. Flooding water brings in silt and other organic matter, which could already have bacteria growing inside, and resting stagnant at home will only give a more desirable environment in which microorganisms can grow. Negative health effects from black water are numerous, and include bacterial infections from E. coli, salmonella, and shigella, soil organisms like Streptomyces, saccharopolyspora, thermonospora, viruses like rotavirus, hepatitis, and echovirus, and even parasites such as for example giardia, cryptosporidium, and others. In any situation, black water is extremely serious and needs to be dealt with immediately.
Besides kinds of water damage, additionally, there are 4 classes per the IICRC. Water damage is divided into class on the basis of the rate of evaporation required. Often the type of material that’s been affected could be the determining factor.
The water loss has been limited by only a partial room area, and the materials effected are of low porosity (water is retained on the surface). There is little if any wet carpet or cushion.
The entire room is affected, in addition to the carpet and cushion. Water has wicked up the walls 1-2 feet. Moisture remains in the structure of the building.
The slowest evaporation rate and water may came from above. Ceilings, walls, carpet, cushion, and sub-floor is all saturated, and will require ample time for you to dry.
Class 4 comprises wet materials with low porosity or permeation such as for example hardwood, concrete, stone, brick, or plaster. Water has formed deep pockets of saturation and will require special equipment that produces an environment of very low humidity.
As you will see, water damage is just a very serious matter. If not dealt with immediately, the negative health effects are numerous. If your home and other property has been affected by any kind of water mentioned or not mentioned above, I recommend calling a professional restoration company ASAP. They’ll know exactly what things to do.